The kidney is a paired organ in the upper abdomen that filters the blood of waste then excretes this filtered waste in the form of urine. The urine is transported from the kidney via the ureter to the bladder in the pelvis where it is stored.

If a tumour has been detected in the kidney, then surgery is often required to remove it. If the tumour is small enough and in a favourable position, then the part of the kidney containing the tumour can be removed (partial nephrectomy) and the remainder of the kidney spared. This operation can be performed using the open, laparoscopic or robotic techniques.

Pre operation

Ten days prior to the procedure you should:

  • Have your blood and urine test
  • Notify Mr Thyer’s rooms if you are taking any blood thinning medication
The procedure

On arrival at hospital you will be prepared for theatre by nursing staff. Mr Thyer will see you just prior to being taken into the operating theatre. You will require a general anaesthetic of approximately 2-3 hours. Mr Thyer make a series of 5 small incisions in the abdomen to allow the passage of the robotic arms with attached instruments. A temporary clamp will be placed on the artery and the section of the kidney containing the kidney removed. The defect in the kidney will be carefully sutured back together, the tumour will be removed and sent to a pathologist for microscopic examination (you may incur a pathologist fee). A drain will be left in the abdomen and a catheter in the bladder. Most people are in hospital 1-2 nights for a robotic or laparoscopic approach and for 3-4 nights for an open approach.

Partial nephrectomy: open surgical incision vs laparoscopic incision

Partial nephrectomy: open surgical incision vs laparoscopic incision

Risks
  • Bleeding. Bleeding from the kidney after the operation can occur in approximately 2% of cases. This may require a further procedure or return to theatre to correct.
  • Infection. Wound infection is rare but may require a course of oral antibiotics to correct.
  • Positive surgical margin. This is where tumour extends to the edge of the specimen submitted to the pathologist. If may or may not indicate residual tumour at the operation site.
  • Cancer recurrence. Following partial nephrectomy it is unusual to see cancer recurrence however Mr Thyer will undertake 6 monthly CT or ultrasound imaging for 3-5 years to check for recurrence.
  • Urine leak. Rarely urine may leak from the site of the partial nephrectomy. This may require a further procedure to correct.
  • Conversion to open partial nephrectomy. Occasionally a tumour is more difficult to resect than anticipated using the laparoscopic or robotic technique and conversion to open approach is required.
  • Conversion to radical nephrectomy. If Mr Thyer suspects the tumour is more advanced or invasive than the imaging suggested then conversion to a radical nephrectomy (removal of the whole kidney) may be required to remove the tumour safely.
  • Injury to surrounding structures. The bowel, liver, spleen, adrenal, pancreas and large blood vessels are close to the kidney and may require repair if injured during the dissection.
  • There are risks with any general anaesthetic which are very rare including blood clots, heart or lung problems and adverse drug reactions. The anaesthetist will discuss these with you at the time of the procedure.
Follow up

Mr Thyer’s rooms will contact you to arrange follow up to check your progress, wounds and pathology 2-3 weeks following the operation. You should take laxatives, wear compression stockings, drink plenty of water and avoid heavy lifting for 3 weeks following the procedure. You should not drive a motor vehicle until seen by Mr Thyer at the follow up appointment.

When to contact Mr Thyer

Following the procedure, you should contact Mr Thyer if you:

  • Have a fever over 38 Degrees
  • Are unable to pass urine
  • Have large clots in the urine
  • Have not received a follow up appointment
  • You can contact Mr Thyer via his rooms during working hours or after hours via the after hours nurse at Hollywood Hospital on (08) 9346 6000.
Radical and partial nephrectomy: open surgical incision vs laparoscopic incision

Radical and partial nephrectomy: open surgical incision vs laparoscopic incision

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